[185][186], In the end, Truman held his progressive Midwestern base, won most of the Southern states despite the civil rights plank, and squeaked through with narrow victories in a few critical states, notably Ohio, California, and Illinois. [183], The large, mostly spontaneous gatherings at Truman's whistle-stop events were an important sign of a change in momentum in the campaign, but this shift went virtually unnoticed by the national press corps. [260] In 1962, Truman was a visiting lecturer at Canisius College. One reason for the press's inaccurate projection was that polls were conducted primarily by telephone, but many people, including much of Truman's populist base, did not yet own a telephone. [228], In 1948, Truman ordered an addition to the exterior of the White House: a second-floor balcony in the south portico, which came to be known as the Truman Balcony. [145], As a Wilsonian internationalist, Truman supported Roosevelt's policy in favor of the creation of the United Nations and included Eleanor Roosevelt on the delegation to the first UN General Assembly. [112][113], Shortly after taking the oath of office, Truman spoke to reporters: "Boys, if you ever pray, pray for me now. The power of the labor unions was significantly curtailed by the Taft–Hartley Act which was enacted over Truman's veto. The UN forces were forced back to below the 38th parallel, then recovered. [253] At the time of the 1952 New Hampshire primary, no candidate had won Truman's backing. In the November election, Truman defeated Republican Manvel H. Davis by 51–49 percent. Achetez et téléchargez ebook Harry Truman's Excellent Adventure: The True Story of a Great American Road Trip (English Edition): Boutique Kindle - 20th Century : Amazon.fr The United States, Britain, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Norway, Denmark, Portugal, Iceland, and Canada were the original treaty signatories. For other uses, see. In one notable instance of bipartisanship, Congress passed the Presidential Succession Act of 1947, which replaced the secretary of state with the Speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate as successor to the president after the vice president. His first choice, Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson, had declined to run; Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson had also turned Truman down, Vice President Barkley was considered too old,[254][255] and Truman distrusted and disliked Senator Kefauver, who had made a name for himself by his investigations of the Truman administration scandals. [157], Truman decided to recognize Israel over the objections of Secretary of State George Marshall, who feared it would hurt relations with the populous Arab states. Henry Wallace got none. Il fait faillite deux ans plus tard et en 1922, à 38 ans, se lance en politique. It called for partial mobilization of the U.S. economy to build armaments faster than the Soviets. [138][139], Truman cooperated closely with the Republican leaders on foreign policy, but fought them bitterly on domestic issues. [227], Truman made five international trips during his presidency. Harry Truman est né le 8 mai 1884, et meurt le 26 décembre 1972. They favor minimum wage—the smaller the minimum wage the better. The act also created the CIA and the National Security Council. [267] For the memoirs, Truman received a flat payment of $670,000, and had to pay two-thirds of that in tax; he calculated he got $37,000 after he paid his assistants. En décidant de faire lancer la bombe atomique sur Hiroshima et Nagasaki (août 1945), Truman hâte la fin de la guerre. Sénateur démocrate du Missouri (1935), élu vice-président de F. D. Roosevelt, il lui succède à sa mort (avril 1945). The final tally showed the president had secured 303 electoral votes, Dewey 189, and Thurmond only 39. En 1933, Truman fut nommé directeur du programme fédéral de ré-emploi dans le Missouri (appartenant à la Civil Works Administration) à la demande du Postmaster General Ja… Nearly 82 percent of the people voted in favor of a new constitution for the Estado Libre Asociado, a continued 'associated free state. When North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950, he gained United Nations approval to intervene in what became known as the Korean War. Truman lost his 1924 reelection campaign in a Republican wave led by President Calvin Coolidge's landslide election to a full term. As the newer West Wing, including the Oval Office, remained open, Truman walked to and from his work across the street each morning and afternoon. The president's approval rating dropped from 82 percent in the polls in January 1946 to 52 percent by June. [196] Truman called for a naval blockade of Korea, only to learn that due to budget cutbacks, the U.S. Navy could not enforce such a measure. Truman was gravely concerned further escalation of the war might lead to open conflict with the Soviet Union, which was already supplying weapons and providing warplanes (with Korean markings and Soviet aircrew). The highly unpopular Truman was handily defeated by Kefauver; 18 days later the president formally announced he would not seek a second full term. [211], Truman was a strong supporter of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), which established a formal peacetime military alliance with Canada and democratic European nations not under Soviet control following World War II. Harry Truman (1884-1972) était le 33e président des États-Unis. And he did retain certain characteristics one often sees in machine-bred politicians: intense partisanship, stubborn loyalty, a certain insensitivity about the transgressions of political associates, and a disinclination for the companionship of intellectuals and artists. Truman's approval ratings plummeted, and he faced calls for his impeachment from, among others, Senator Robert A. The President and several of his confidantes wanted to replace Wallace with someone more acceptable to Democratic Party leaders. [74], Truman won the job in 1926 with the support of the Pendergast machine, and he was re-elected in 1930. A third, in 1951, established the Committee on Government Contract Compliance (CGCC). Marshall's opinion was contrary to the counsel of almost all of Truman's other advisers—Marshall thought propping up Chiang's forces would drain U.S. resources necessary for Europe to deter the Soviets. "[300] In 1959, he was given a 50-year award by the Masons, recognizing his longstanding involvement: he was initiated on February 9, 1909, into the Belton Masonic Lodge in Missouri. [222][223] Wisconsin Senator McCarthy accused the State Department of harboring communists and rode the controversy to political fame,[224] leading to the Second Red Scare,[225] also known as McCarthyism. Truman's initiative convinced Senate leaders of the necessity for the committee, which reflected his demands for honest and efficient administration and his distrust of big business and Wall Street. The Berlin Airlift was one of Truman's great foreign policy successes; it significantly aided his election campaign in 1948. [17] Truman worked as a page at the 1900 Democratic National Convention in Kansas City;[18] his father had many friends who were active in the Democratic Party and helped young Harry to gain his first political position. The family next moved to Belton, and in 1887 to his grandparents' 600-acre (240 ha) farm in Grandview. He promised to back them up if they performed capably, and reduce them to private if they did not. On July 1, 1996, Northeast Missouri State University became Truman State University—to mark its transformation from a teachers' college to a highly selective liberal arts university and to honor the only Missourian to become president. [249][250] In 1950 he vetoed the McCarran Internal Security Act. Harry S. Truman (8 mai 1884 - 26 décembre 1972) est le trente-troisième président des États-Unis, d'avril 1945 à janvier 1953. 1st Battalion, 379th Field Artillery Regiment, 379th Field Artillery Regiment, 102nd Infantry Division, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 04:10. [293], Truman has had his latter-day critics as well. Two years selling automobile club memberships convinced him that a public service career was safer for a family man approaching middle age, and he planned a run for presiding judge in 1926. "[114], Upon assuming the presidency, Truman asked all the members of Roosevelt's cabinet to remain in place, and told them he was open to their advice. The men were so surprised to hear Truman use such language that they immediately obeyed. Corruption in the Truman administration became a central campaign issue in the 1952 presidential election. [205] Fierce criticism from virtually all quarters accused Truman of refusing to shoulder the blame for a war gone sour and blaming his generals instead. New kind of weapon against the Japanese to Kemper 's efforts, Vivian Truman was Chubb. Out of the Adjutant General 's office '' the recession of 1921 secured 303 electoral,. His reassignment, which led to trouble and May have contributed to the of. 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