[18] Upon arriving on the scene, Admiral Hipper was initially misidentified by Glowworm to be a friendly vessel, which allowed the German ship to close the distance and fire first. [7] The Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine, Großadmiral (Grand Admiral) Erich Raeder, who had been Franz von Hipper's chief of staff during World War I, gave the christening speech and his wife Erika Raeder performed the christening. In the course of the battle, the British destroyer Achates was sunk by the damage inflicted by Admiral Hipper. They were designed as an importance to heavy cruisers due to the fact that Nazi Germany had realized the importance of heavy cruisers in battle. Admiral Hipper leaves Gotenhafen (Gdynia) with 1529 refugees on board following the passenger ship Wilhelm Gustloff to Kiel. [19], Admiral Marschall organized a mission to seize Harstad in early June 1940; Admiral Hipper, the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, and four destroyers were tasked with the operation. [25], The ship made a second attempt to break out into the Atlantic on 30 November; she successfully navigated the Denmark Strait undetected on 6 December. [6] In November 1939, the ship returned to the Blohm & Voss dockyard for modifications; these included the replacement of the straight stem with a clipper bow and the installation of the funnel cap. [5], The ship was equipped with three Arado Ar 196 seaplanes and one catapult. [28][33] The Germans claimed Admiral Hipper had sunk thirteen of the nineteen freighters, while some survivors reported fourteen ships of the convoy were sunk. At 09:15 on the 31st, the British destroyer Obdurate spotted the three destroyers screening for Admiral Hipper; the Germans opened fire first. After trying to purchase fuel from locals, the aircrew were detained and handed over to the police. The ships operated under the command of Admiral Wilhelm Marschall. [45] The force left Altafjord at 18:00 on 30 December, under orders to avoid confrontation with even an equal opponent. [21], One of Admiral Hipper's Arado seaplanes had to make an emergency landing in Eide, Norway on 8 April. The "danger zone" was 21km. [55] On 28 February, the ship was decommissioned in accordance with Hitler's decree. A raked funnel cap was also installed. Like the other ships in the series, this one covers history and prototype info, model and aftermarket reviews, a modeler gallery, and marking and reference sections. [45] One of the hits damaged the ship's propulsion system; the No. Each book contains an account of the development of a particular class, a detailed description of the ships, with full technical details, and an outline of their service, and are heavily illustrated with plans, battle maps and a substantial collection of photographs. She was armed with a main battery of eight 20.3 cm (8.0 in) guns and, although nominally under the 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) limit set by the Anglo-German Naval Agreement, actually displaced over 16,000 long tons (16,000 t). The scattered vessels could no longer be protected by the convoy escorts, and the Germans sank 21 of the 34 isolated transports. Why was the Admiral Hipper class magazines above the shell rooms? Admiral Karl Dönitz, Raeder's successor, persuaded Hitler to retain the surface fleet, however. The fire forced the crew to shut down the ship's propulsion system until the blaze could be brought under control; this rendered Admiral Hipper motionless for several hours on the open sea. Admiral Hipper was 195.5 meters (641 ft) long at the waterline and 202.8 m (665 ft) overall. El barco poseía varias ventajas típicas de los barcos de la Marina Alemana; un avanzado sistema de control de tiro y un elevado nivel de supervivencia. 433 75. Forty survivors were picked up by the German ship. Nevertheless, repairs were completed in the span of two weeks. The convoy was protected by a powerful escort composed of the aircraft carriers Furious and Argus, the cruisers Berwick, Bonaventure, and Dunedin, and six destroyers. [13] On 25 July, Admiral Hipper steamed out on a commerce raiding patrol in the area between Spitzbergen and Tromsø; the cruise lasted until 9 August. The Admiral Hipper was classified as a "heavy cruiser" type vessel and commissioned in April 1939, this prior to World War 2 proper. After the ground troops seized control of the coastal batteries, the ship left Trondheim, bound for Germany. The cruisers engaged Admiral Hipper, which had been firing to port at the destroyer Obedient. Owing to the uncertainty over the condition of his flagship and the ferocity of the British defense, Kummetz issued the following order at 10:37: "Break off action and retire to the west. [56] Her crew scuttled the wrecked ship at her moorings at 04:25 on 3 May. Admiral Hipper's armor thicknesses were generally less than that of New Orleans and Tuscaloosa. This was completed on 9 September and with a new commanding officer, Wilhelm Meisel, the cruiser made ready to participate in Operation Sea Lion, the planned invasion of the United Kingdom. Klaus-Peter Schmolke, his collaborator, was well-known for the detail and accuracy of his technical drawings. [53] The ship was moved in April to Pillau in the Baltic, to put Admiral Hipper out of the reach of Allied bombers. 1945. "[49] Mistakenly identifying Sheffield as Admiral Hipper, the destroyer Friederich Eckoldt approached too closely and was sunk. Admiral Hipper and Blucher had single hangars, while the others had double hangars with the catapult placed differently. This volume covers the Admiral Hipper class, among the largest heavy cruisers to serve in World War II. [26] The engine oil feed system caught fire and was severely damaged. [54] After resuming the voyage south, the ships searched for Norwegian blockade runners in the Skagerrak on 6 February before putting into port at Kiel on 8 February. 1 Introduction 2 Namesake 3 Profile 4 Attributes 5 Quotes 6 Trivia 7 External Links Launched in 1933, Admiral Scheer was one of three Deutschland-class heavy cruisers that served the Kriegsmarine during the Second World War. Four of the other five destroyers escorting the convoy rushed to join the fight, while Achates laid a smoke screen to cover the convoy. Heavy Cruisers of the Admiral Hipper Class, Admiral Hipper, Blücher, Prinz Eugen, Seydlitz, Lützow, The warships of the World War II German Navy are among the most popular subjects in naval history, and one of the best collections is the concise but authoritative six volume series written by Gerhard Koop and illustrated by Klaus-Peter Schmolke. [34] While en route, Admiral Hipper stopped to refuel in Bergen. The ship was then transferred to northern Norway to participate in operations against convoys to the Soviet Union, culminating in the Battle of the Barents Sea on 31 December 1942, where she sank the destroyer Achates and the minesweeper Bramble but was in turn damaged and forced to withdraw by the light cruisers HMS Sheffield and HMS Jamaica. If you can improve it further, please do so. The ship was laid down at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg in July 1935 and launched February 1937; Admiral Hipper entered service shortly before the outbreak of war, in April 1939. [3], Admiral Hipper was ordered by the Kriegsmarine from the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg. Swedish intelligence had meanwhile reported the German departures to the British Admiralty, which ordered the convoy to disperse. Disappointed by the failure to sink merchant ships in that battle, Adolf Hitler ordered the majority of the surface warships scrapped, though Admiral Karl Dönitz was able to persuade Hitler to retain the surface fleet. However, 1935, the British-German Naval Treaty was ratified, which allows the Kriegsmarine to build up to 35% of the tonnage of the Royal Navy in the corresponding warship class. The near vertical bow was late 1939, begin 1940 rebuilt to the "Atlantic bow". The last two of these were never completed while Seydlitz was slated to … [12], Sea trials in the Baltic resumed in January 1940, but severe ice restrained the ship to port. The other two hits started a fire in her aircraft hangar. [25] While en route, Admiral Hipper encountered and sank the isolated 6,078-long-ton (6,176 t) cargo ship Jumna. By March, the ship was again fully operational. 03.04.1945: Admiral Hipper is hit by bombs during a British air attack. Intended to be a class of five, they enjoyed contrasting fortunes: Seydlitz and Lützow were never completed; Blücher was the first major German warship sunk in action; Admiral Hipper became one of the most successful commerce raiders of the war; while the Prinz Eugen survived to be expended as a target in one of the first American nuclear tests in 1946. She had four triple 53.3 cm (21.0 in) torpedo launchers, all on the main deck next to the four range finders for the anti-aircraft guns. The main battery turrets had 105 mm (4.1 in) thick faces and 70 mm thick sides. [52] After returning to Altafjord, emergency repairs to Admiral Hipper were effected, which allowed her to return to Bogen Bay on 23 January 1943. [19] The ships departed on 4 June, and while en route, Admiral Hipper encountered and sank the empty troopship Orama on 9 June. At the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, the ship was still conducting gunnery trials. Marschall's squadron was then tasked with intercepting an Allied convoy that was reported to be in the area. She then received Kummetz's order, and turned west to rendezvous with Admiral Hipper. [28], Following the attack on convoy SLS 64, Admiral Hipper's fuel stocks were running low. Admiral Hipper, the first of five ships of her class, was the lead ship of the Admiral Hipper class of heavy cruisers which served with Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. [28] On 15 March, the ship slipped out of Brest, unobserved, and passed through the Denmark Strait eight days later. The first convoy of the month, JW 51A, passed to the Soviet Union without incident. Admiral Hipper was a heavy cruiser of the German navy. She was the lead ship of her class that was scheduled to field five such total vessels. The main armor deck, for example, was close to half as thick, at 30mm vs 57.15mm. However, the second, convoy JW 51B, was spotted by the submarine U-354 south of Bear Island. In January 1942, the ship had her steam turbines overhauled at the Blohm & Voss shipyard; a degaussing coil was fitted to the ship's hull during this overhaul. Admiral Hipper was laid in 1935, and on April 29, 1939, officially joined the Kriegsmarine. After her return to port, Admiral Hipper was transferred to Bogen Bay near Narvik for repairs to her propulsion system. The ships of the Admiral Hipper class varied slightly in size. [57], "L/60" denotes the length of the gun in terms of, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in May 1945, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_cruiser_Admiral_Hipper&oldid=1001913745, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Scuttled, 3 May 1945, raised and scrapped in 1948–1952, 16,170 t (15,910 long tons; 17,820 short tons) (design), This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 23:27. ThatZenoGuy. [28], On 1 February 1941, Admiral Hipper embarked on her second Atlantic sortie. Class and type: Admiral Hipper-class cruiser: Displacement: Design: 17,600 t (17,300 long tons; 19,400 short tons) Full load: 20,100 t (19,800 long tons; 22,200 short tons) Length: 210 m (689 ft 0 in) overall: Beam: 21.80 m (71 ft 6 in) Draft: Full load: 7.90 m (25.9 ft) Propulsion: 3 × Blohm & Voss steam turbines; 3 × three-blade propellers In February 1941, Admiral Hipper sortied again, sinking several merchant vessels before eventually returning to Germany via the Denmark Strait. Aware that they had been detected, the Germans aborted the operation and turned over the attack to U-boats and the Luftwaffe. KzS Heye was given command of Group 2 during the operation. [18] Glowworm's boilers exploded shortly after the collision, causing her to sink quickly. Admiral Hipper intercepted WS.5A, a convoy of 20 troopships on 24 December,[25] some 700 nautical miles (1,300 km; 810 mi) west of Cape Finisterre. That legacy translates well into World of Warships: when fully upgraded, Admiral Hipper has a solid main battery, a fearsome anti-aircraft suite, best-in-class German Hydroacoustic Search ( ), and banks of deadly torpedoes on both sides for ships that wander too close. [28] The cruiser escorted the destroyers Z23, Z28, Z29, and Z30 on 24–28 September to lay a minefield off the north-west coast of Novaya Zemlya. Entering service in April of 1939, she saw a lot of action during World War II, notably during the Battle of the Atlantic. The ship's top speed was 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph), at 132,000 shaft horsepower (98,000 kW). [45] In the aftermath of the failed operation, a furious Hitler proclaimed that the Kriegsmarine's surface forces would be paid off and dismantled, and their guns used to reinforce the fortifications of the Atlantic Wall. On 29 January 1945, the ship left Gotenhafen, arriving in Kiel on 2 February. [13], On 13 June, the ship's anti-aircraft gunners shot down an attacking British bomber. [46], Kummetz's plan was to divide his force in half; he would take Admiral Hipper and three destroyers north of the convoy to attack it and draw away the escorts. [28] On 11 February, the ship encountered and sank an isolated transport from convoy HG 53, which had been dispersed by U-boat and Luftwaffe attacks. [10], Kapitän zur See (Captain at Sea) Hellmuth Heye was given command of the ship at her commissioning. [17], While steaming off the Norwegian coast, Admiral Hipper was ordered to divert course to locate the destroyer Bernd von Arnim, which had fallen behind Group 1. [48], After emerging from the smoke screen, Hipper was again engaged by Burnett's cruisers. In December 1940, she broke out into the Atlantic Ocean to operate against Allied merchant shipping, though this operation ended without significant success. British bombers were regularly attacking the port, however, and the Kriegsmarine therefore decided Admiral Hipper should return to Germany, where she could be better protected. [32] The British reported only seven ships were lost, totaling 32,806 long tons (33,332 t), along with damage to two more. The Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service captured the Arado, which was painted in Norwegian colors and used by the Norwegians until 18 April when it was evacuated to Britain. The ship was named after Admiral Franz von Hipper, commander of the German battlecruiser squadron during the Battle of Jutlandin 1916 and later c… [14] The ships attempted to locate British merchant shipping, but failed and returned to port on 20 February. [35], On 19 March 1942, Admiral Hipper steamed to Trondheim, escorted by the destroyers Z24, Z26, and Z30 and the torpedo boats T15, T16, and T17. The ship was named after Admiral Franz von Hipper, commander of the German battlecruiser squadron during the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and later commander-in-chief of the German High Seas Fleet. [40], The British submarine Tigris unsuccessfully attempted to torpedo Admiral Hipper on 10 September, while the ship was patrolling with Admiral Scheer and the light cruiser Köln. In July 1945, after the end of the war, Admiral Hipper was raised and towed to Heikendorfer Bay and subsequently broken up for scrap in 1948–1952. The first five volumes of this much sought after series are now available in paperback, with the sixth volume German Light Cruisers of World War II, planned for release in the fall of 2014. In World War II they participated in the battle for Norway and Operation Cerberus, and were part of anti-convoy operations and Baltic patrols. Admiral Hipper was powered by three sets of geared steam turbines, which were supplied with steam by twelve ultra-high pressure oil-fired boilers. [23] Before they reached Harstad, the Germans learned that the Allies had already abandoned the port. On 3 July, Admiral Hipper joined the cruisers Lützow and Admiral Scheer and the battleship Tirpitz for Operation Rösselsprung, an attack on convoy PQ 17. She fired a single salvo at the cruisers before turning toward them, her escorting destroyers screening her with smoke. Raeder ordered the forces assigned to Operation Regenbogen into action. After commission, Admiral Hipper … Admiral Hipper was the nameship of Admiral Hipper-class. Admiral Scheer is a battlecruiser based on German cruiser Admiral Scheer. Un crucero pesado tan bueno como la mayoría de barcos de su tipo en términos de velocidad y potencia del armamento. The Admiral Hipper class, heavy cruisers of the Kriegsmarine, are today's subject. The British cruisers turned toward Lützow and came under fire from both German cruisers. Products of Germany's race to rearm in the late 1930s, heavy cruisers of the Admiral Hipper class were, for their time, among the world's most formidable and revolutionary warships. [36] There, they joined the heavy cruisers Lützow and Prinz Eugen, though the latter soon returned to Germany for repairs after being torpedoed. [13][16] The ships steamed to the Schillig roadstead outside Wilhelmshaven, where they joined Group 1, consisting of ten destroyers, and the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, which were assigned to cover Groups 1 and 2. [4], Admiral Hipper's primary armament was eight 20.3 cm (8.0 in) SK L/60 guns mounted in four twin gun turrets, placed in superfiring pairs forward and aft. KzS Heye was given command of Group 2 during the operation. Before the ship could leave, damage caused to the ship's hull by wrecks in the harbor had to be repaired. [19] The British destroyer had survived long enough to send a wireless message to the Royal Navy headquarters, which allowed the battlecruiser Renown time to move into position to engage Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, though the German battleships used their superior speed to break off contact. The quality of the armor was about the same in either: Wh and Ww for the Germans, and Class B and STS for the US. Iron Blood Ships Destroyer Common Z20 - Z21: Rare Z18 - Z19 - Z36: Elite Z1 - Z2 - Z23 - Z24 - Z25 - Z26 - Z28 - Z35: Super Rare Z46: Light Cruiser Common Karlsruhe - Köln - Königsberg: Rare Leipzig: Elite Super Rare Priority Mainz: Heavy Cruiser On 7 November, the cruiser's Arado Ar 196 floatplane located the 7,925-long-ton (8,052 t) Soviet tanker Donbass and its escort, the auxiliary warship BO-78. [39] Lützow and three of the destroyers struck uncharted rocks while en route to the rendezvous and had to return to port. 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