The only Portuguese territories other than the mainland are the Azores [ 1] and Madeira [ 2] archipelagos, but unlike the former Portuguese colonies, those islands didn’t have any inhabitants before the arrival of the Portuguese settlers, and they were occupied almost only by Portuguese, so they were always considered part of the Portuguese state, and not overseas territories. As the King of Spain was also King of Portugal, Portuguese colonies became the subject of attacks by three rival European powers hostile to Spain: the Dutch Republic, England, and France. The Ministry has jurisdiction over revenue and customs, economical affairs, internal security, public works, transports and communications, justice (until 1936), civil administration, education and public health of the Overseas Provinces. [24] Gomes, who had to explore 100 miles (160 km) of the coast each year for five years, discovered the islands of the Gulf of Guinea, including São Tomé and Príncipe and found a thriving alluvial gold trade among the natives and visiting Arab and Berber traders at the port then named Mina (the mine), where he established a trading post. Many translated example sentences containing "overseas territory" – Portuguese-English dictionary and search engine for Portuguese translations. In retaliation, the Portuguese fought and destroyed the Mamluks and Gujarati fleets in the sea Battle of Diu in 1509. | SIMON, W. J. Thus, throughout the century, Brazil gained increasing importance to the empire, which exported Brazilwood and sugar. Translations in context of "overseas countries and territories" in English-Portuguese from Reverso Context: Greenland is included in the list of overseas countries and territories … [204] Portugal's new ruling authorities also recognized Goa and other Portuguese India's territories invaded by India's military forces, as Indian territories. [215], Today, Portuguese is one of the world's major languages, ranked sixth overall with approximately 240 million speakers around the globe. The so-called Carnation Revolution of April 1974 in Lisbon led to the hasty decolonization of Portuguese Africa and to the 1975 annexation of Portuguese Timor by Indonesia. Thanks David, and everyone else as well. To me, as an ENS, "portugal's territory" is on mainland Europe; Madeira is as above. for Jdy-Sept. 1363, pp. With its smaller population, Portugal found itself unable to effectively defend its overstretched network of trading posts, and the empire began a long and gradual decline. 1536–1953 (Denmark) 1536–1814 (Norway) Flag. [15] In 1443 Infante Dom Pedro, Henry's brother and by then regent of the Kingdom, granted him the monopoly of navigation, war and trade in the lands south of Cape Bojador. [6] There were several probable motives for their first attack, on the Marinid Sultanate (in present-day Morocco). [130] Along with the Jesuit missions later came disease among the natives, among them plague and smallpox. Even before the war's final resolution, the crown established the Overseas Council, conceived in 1642 on the short-lived model of the Council of India (1604–1614), and established in 1643, it was the governing body for most of the Portuguese overseas empire. [163], After the Portuguese were defeated by the Indian rulers Chimnaji Appa of the Maratha Empire[164][165] and by Shivappa Nayaka of the Keladi Nayaka Kingdom[166] and at the end of confrontations with the Dutch, Portugal was only able to cling onto Goa and several minor bases in India, and managed to regain territories in Brazil and Africa, but lost forever to prominence in Asia as trade was diverted through increasing numbers of English, Dutch and French trading posts. Portuguese Overseas Territories Vasco N. P. FORTUNA (translation) In accordance with the orientation already defined in the preceding chronicle, these personal comments on the economic events in the Portu-guese Overseas Territories refer to the period between June 1957 and June 1958. [177] The crown's revenue from gold declined and plantation revenue increased by the time of Pombal, and he made provisions to improve each. In the Portuguese overseas territories the natives live and work side by side with the whites as Portuguese citizens, absorbing Western culture gradually and without being hurried toward an independence for which their government does not consider them yet to be fitted. Under the ideology of Pluricontinentalism, the regime renamed its colonies "overseas provinces" while retaining the system of forced labour, from which only a small indigenous élite was normally exempt. The Akan within the 'Minas' group had a reputation to have been experts in extrapolating gold in their native regions, and became the preferred group. Benin's claims over São João Baptista de Ajudá were accepted by Portugal in 1974. 16th century Portuguese illustration from the Códice Casanatense, depicting a Portuguese nobleman with his retinue in India, By the end of 1509, Albuquerque became viceroy of the Portuguese India. Apr 20, 2020 - Explore Ati's board "Portuguese overseas territories" on Pinterest. In 1481, the recently crowned João II decided to build São Jorge da Mina in order to ensure the protection of this trade, which was held again as a royal monopoly. They are administered by the customary laws of each territory until 1936. [119], Upon de Sousa's arrival and success, fifteen latitudinal tracts, theoretically to span from the coast to the Tordesillas limit, were decreed by João III on 28 September 1532. Forced labor is still the norm in Portuguese Africa as part of public works. The sale of Portuguese Timor 1923 started a long and procrastinated process a discussion on the value of the colonies. In 1506, King Manuel I created taxes for the cod fisheries in Newfoundland waters. [218][219] Related names can be found in other languages, such as Arabic البرتقال (bourtouqal), Georgian ფორთოხალი (p'ort'oxali), Turkish portakal and Amharic birtukan. As a result, the Chinese posted an edict banning men with caucasian features from entering Canton, killing multiple Portuguese there, and driving the Portuguese back to sea. As a general introduction, it may be said that the economic development continues to constitute the aim of … Dutch and English interests used this new information, leading to their commercial expansion, including the foundation of the English East India Company in 1600, and the Dutch East India Company in 1602. Simultaneously Pêro da Covilhã, traveling secretly overland, had reached Ethiopia, suggesting that a sea route to the Indies would soon be forthcoming. Other overseas parties can be classified in 3 groups: The overseas provinces of Africa are main centers of the production of oil, coffee, cotton, cashew, coconut, tobacco, sugarcane, copra, cacao, timber, minerals (like diamonds), metals (like iron and aluminium), banana, citrus, tea, sisal, beer (successful beer brands are produced locally), cement, fish and other sea products, beef and textiles. "Overseas Council (Portugal)" in, Francis A. Dutra, "Salvador Correia de Sá e Benavides" in, History of the Konkan by Alexander Kyd Nairne pp. In 1961 India annexed Goa and Dahomey (now Benin) annexed Fort of São João Baptista de Ajudá. [50], Vasco da Gama's departure to India in 1497, Portuguese discoveries and explorations: first arrival places and dates; main Portuguese spice trade routes (blue). In contrast to Almeida, Albuquerque was more concerned with strengthening the navy,[51] as well as being more compliant with the interests of the kingdom. One of the longest-lived empires in world history, it existed for almost six centuries, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415, to the handover of Portuguese Macau to China in 1999. The Portuguese Overseas Territories Vasco N. P. FORTUNA (Translation) In this second article about the Portuguese Overseas Territories it seems convenient to us to abandon the criterion of limiting the analysis strictly to the events which occurred in 1956, and which are elsewhere specially examined, and to include the whole period up to date. [48], Along with Almeida's initial attempts, Manuel I and his council in Lisbon had tried to distribute power in the Indian Ocean, creating three areas of jurisdiction: Albuquerque was sent to the Red Sea, Diogo Lopes de Sequeira to South-east Asia, seeking an agreement with the Sultan of Malacca, and Jorge de Aguiar followed by Duarte de Lemos were sent to the area between the Cape of Good Hope and Gujarat. [101] In 1579, Ndongo ruler Ngola Kiluanje kia Ndamdi massacred Portuguese and Kongolese residents in the Ndongo capital Kabasa under the influence of Portuguese renegades. [212], Currently, the Azores, Madeira, and Savage Islands are the only overseas territories that remain politically linked to Portugal. The exceptions were North Africa, Madeira, and the Azores. Portuguese army officers in Angola held the view that it would be incapable of dealing militarily with an outbreak of guerilla warfare and therefore that negotiations should begin with the independence movements. Many translated example sentences containing "overseas territories" – Portuguese-English dictionary and search engine for Portuguese translations. Through the beginning of 1918, Portugal continued to fight along the Allied front against Germany, including participation in the infamous Battle of La Lys. The Portuguese Constitutions of 1911 and 1927 gave full representation to the overseas colonies in the Congress of the Republic and the power to enactment legislation for its administration. [105], The Portuguese were soundly defeated in their attempt to capture wealthy Somali harbor cities on the Somali coast such as Mogadishu, Merca, Barawa, Kismayo and Hobyo by the powerful Somalis of the Ajuran Empire. Although Portugal began the process of decolonizing East Timor in 1975, during 1999–2002 was sometimes considered Portugal's last remaining colony, as the Indonesian invasion of East Timor was not justified by Portugal. Under the Overseas Charter, all citizens of the Overseas Provinces have the same rights and duties granted and stated in the Constitution. The Cape Verdes and Sao Tome-Principe, the less important of the Portuguese African territories, do not; Angola, Mogambique, and Guinea, the more important terri-tories, do. Portugal enjoyed a virtual monopoly on the African seaborne slave trade for over a century, importing around 800 slaves annually. The Equator was crossed by navigators sponsored by Fernão Gomes in 1473 and the Congo River by Diogo Cão in 1482. According to Fernão Mendes Pinto, who claimed to be in this journey, they arrived at Tanegashima, where the locals were impressed by firearms, that would be immediately made by the Japanese on a large scale. All correspondence concerning overseas possessions were funneled through the council. According to economic historians, Portugal's colonial trade had a substantial positive impact on Portuguese economic growth, 1500–1800. After the economic crisis of 1930 the BNU was nationalized and a common trade area was created by means of monetary reform. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. [37] The second voyage to India was dispatched in 1500 under Pedro Álvares Cabral. [194] The main objective of these soldiers was to recapture the Kionga Triangle, in northern Mozambique, the territory having been subjugated by Germany. [167] The village became the new economic center of the empire, with rapid settlement and some conflicts. [142], The Tordesillas boundary between Spanish and Portuguese control in South America was then increasingly ignored by the Portuguese, who pressed beyond it into the heart of Brazil,[140] allowing them to expand the territory to the west. In 1931 the African escudo replaced all African currencies. [96] The growing official and unofficial slave trading with Ndongo strained relations between Kongo and the Portuguese, and even had Portuguese ambassadors from Sao Tome support Ndongo against the Kingdom of Kongo. Later in the year, U-boats entered Portuguese waters again and once more attacked Madeira, sinking multiple Portuguese ships. A move for independence among the … Salazar rebuffed a request in 1950 by Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to return the enclaves, viewing them as integral parts of Portugal. [114] By 1531, the French had stationed a trading post off of an island on the Brazilian coast. The inhabitants of overseas are according to the Charter classified as: In the overseas provinces, regional political parties or electoral list begun to appear in the late 1930s. The realms continued to have separate administrations. Expansion of sugarcane in Madeira started in 1455, using advisers from Sicily and (largely) Genoese capital to produce the "sweet salt" rare in Europe. The same year, the tiny Portuguese fort of São João Baptista de Ajudá in Ouidah, a remnant of the West African slave trade, was annexed by the new government of Dahomey (now Benin) that had gained its independence from France. By 1718, São Paulo and Minas Gerais became two captaincies, with eight vilas created in the latter. Portuguese operations in Asia did not go unnoticed, and in 1521 Magellan arrived in the region and claimed the Philippines for Spain. Let’s talk about France’s position in the south. Several attempts to establish settlements in Newfoundland over the next half-century also failed. 6-10. The empire began in the 15th century, and from the early 16th century it stretched across the globe, with bases in North and South America, Africa, and various regions of Asia and Oceania.[1][2][3]. Each entity ultimately had to respect the sphere of influence of the other, albeit unofficially. Nevertheless, the Portuguese language remains co-official with Cantonese Chinese in Macau. For instance, as Portuguese merchants were presumably the first to introduce the sweet orange in Europe, in several modern Indo-European languages the fruit has been named after them. At the same time Francisco Zeimoto, António Mota, and other traders arrived in Japan for the first time. Indigenous freedom decreased in contrast to its period under the Jesuits, and the response to intermarriage was lukewarm at best. Macau and Goa are designated Metropolitan Areas. Elmina Castle on the west coast of Ghana was used as a holding pen for slaves before they were brought across the Atlantic and sold. [147] In addition to this newly acquired access to the Spanish asientos, the Portuguese were able to solve their bullion shortage issues with access to the production of the silver mining in Peru and Mexico. [10] A key supporter of this policy was Infante Dom Henry the Navigator, who had been involved in the capture of Ceuta, and who took the lead role in promoting and financing Portuguese maritime exploration until his death in 1460. Check 'overseas territory' translations into Portuguese. This gold cycle led to the creation of an internal market and attracted a large number of immigrants. The Institute of Tropical Medicina (Instituto de Medicina Tropical, IMT) in charge of investigation and training of health personal. Its zenith were the two 5 year public works plans (I e II Planos de Fomento do África Ultramarina) approved by the CSFU with substantial budget from the BFU in the late 1930s. The 1890 British Ultimatum led to the contraction of Portuguese ambitions in Africa. [102], In 1542, Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier arrived in Goa at the service of King John III of Portugal, in charge of an Apostolic Nunciature. The Mamlûk Sultanate sultan Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri along with the Gujarati sultanate attacked Portuguese forces in the harbor of Chaul, resulting in the death of Almeida's son. However republicans themselves where divided between colonial paternalism or full independence. Danske kolonier . In 1668 Spain recognized the end of the Iberian Union and in exchange Portugal ceded Ceuta to the Spanish crown. [144], In 1693, gold was discovered at Minas Gerais in Brazil. Portugal pressed into the hinterland of Angola and Mozambique, and explorers Serpa Pinto, Hermenegildo Capelo and Roberto Ivens were among the first Europeans to cross Africa west to east. The Dutch also had regional control of the lucrative sugar-producing region of northeast Brazil as well as Luanda, but the Portuguese regained these territories after considerable struggle. Alternative History is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. In 1916, after Portugal interned German ships in Lisbon, Germany declared war on Portugal. [201] This was resisted by António de Oliveira Salazar, who had taken power in 1933. In Macau the Chinese Electoral List, that represents local ethical interests. [48], The initial capture of Goa from the Bijapur sultanate in 1510 was soon countered by the Bijapuris, but with the help of Hindu privateer Timoji, on November 25 of the same year it was recaptured. On the establishment of the republic anti-clericalism and secularism was established in the schools. [40], Profiting from the rivalry between the ruler of Kochi and the Zamorin of Calicut, the Portuguese were well-received and seen as allies, as they obtained a permit to build the fort Immanuel (Fort Kochi) and a trading post that was the first European settlement in India. A United Nations-sponsored referendum resulted in a majority of East Timorese choosing independence, which was finally achieved in 2002. Many translated example sentences containing "United Kingdom overseas territory" – Portuguese-English dictionary and search engine for Portuguese translations. This failed to happen and by the 1750s the Portuguese were able to implant a political stronghold in the region. In addition, there are numerous Portuguese-based creole languages, including the one utilized by the Kristang people in Malacca.[217]. Native education is largely in the hands of the Catholic Church. The provincial administration was reformed in 1920, 1924 and 1935. Originally built by the Portuguese in the fifteenth century, it appears in this image as it was in the 1660s, after being seized by Dutch slave traders in 1637. Unrest spread from Angola to Guinea, which rebelled in 1963, and Mozambique in 1964. [139] At Tomar, Philip promised to keep the empires legally distinct, leaving the administration of the Portuguese Empire to Portuguese nationals, with a Viceroy of Portugal in Lisbon seeing to his interests. The slave trade, for example, was conducted by a few dozen merchants in Lisbon. [5], Free from threats to its existence and unchallenged by the wars fought by other European states, Portuguese attention turned overseas and towards a military expedition to the Muslim lands of North Africa. These developments allowed the entry of chartered companies into the East Indies. Economic development is promoted by the Conselho Superior de Fomento Ultramarino (CSFU) and the Banco de Fomento Ultramarino (BFU). The captaincies created there functioned under a centralized administration in Salvador, which reported directly to the Crown in Lisbon. For higher education, General Studies College (Estudos Gerais Universitários) where established in Angola and Mozambique in the late 1940s. [198] As autumn approached, Germany found success in both Portuguese Africa and against Portuguese vessels, sinking multiple ships. Aden, however, resisted Albuquerque's expedition in that same year and another attempt by Albuquerque's successor Lopo Soares de Albergaria in 1516. Selected response from: David Moore Local time: 16:18: Grading comment . Translation for 'overseas territories' in the free English-Portuguese dictionary and many other Portuguese translations. 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