In contrast, only 583 identified as Chippewa. Texas is nicknamed the "Lone Star State" for its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. The state experiences the most tornadoes in the United States, an average of 139 a year. [164], East Texas outcrops consist of Cretaceous and Paleogene sediments which contain important deposits of Eocene lignite. [248] In total, 34.2% (7,660,406) of Texas's population aged five and older spoke a language at home other than English as of 2006.[242]. Towns along the way, such as Baxter Springs, the first cow town in Kansas, developed to handle the seasonal workers and tens of thousands of head of cattle being driven. [168], Texas plays host to several species of wasps, including an abundance of Polistes exclamans,[169] and is an important ground for the study of Polistes annularis. [108], In 1900, Texas suffered the deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history during the Galveston hurricane. [150][151], Amid a rise in COVID-19 cases in autumn 2020, Abbott refused to enact further lockdowns. Adding to Texas's traditional culture, established in the 18th and 19th centuries, immigration has made Texas a melting pot of cultures from around the world. Purchase a pass online. [409], In the Dallas–Fort Worth area, three public transit agencies provide rail service: Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART), Denton County Transportation Authority (DCTA), and Trinity Metro. [278] If Texas were its own country it would be the sixth largest oil producer in the world according to a 2014 study. [13] Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. This office strives to provide you the best possible services and resources to do business in Texas. Several filibusters raised armies to invade the area west of the Sabine River. [416], Texas has a plural executive branch system limiting the power of the governor, which is a weak executive compared to some other states. and almost the entire population of them migrated into the states of Louisiana and Arkansas. [458], The University Interscholastic League (UIL) organizes most primary and secondary school competitions. Two-thirds of all Texans live in major metropolitan areas such as Houston. A State Convention considering secession opened in Austin on January 28, 1861. Fort Worth also has the Kimbell Art Museum, the Amon Carter Museum, the National Cowgirl Museum and Hall of Fame, the Will Rogers Memorial Center, and the Bass Performance Hall downtown. [123] Beginning in the early 21st century, metropolitan areas including Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Austin became centers for the Texas Democratic Party in statewide and national elections as liberal policies became more accepted in urban areas. [156], The Gulf Coastal Plains region wraps around the Gulf of Mexico on the southeast section of the state. [137], During COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, the first confirmed case of the virus in Texas was announced on March 4, 2020. [259], As of May 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the state's unemployment rate was 13 percent. [311], Historically, Texas culture comes from a blend of Southern (Dixie), Western (frontier), and Southwestern (Mexican/Anglo fusion) influences, varying in degrees of such from one intrastate region to another. Sea to Shining Sea . Please log in using either your Net ID or a guest account. This region is dominated by prairie and steppe. Office of the Texas State Chemist • 445 Agronomy Road, 2114 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-2114 (979)845 1121 • Toll-free (800)848 1121 • Fax (979)845 1389 • web@otsc.tamu.edu ©2007-2012 Office of the Texas State Chemist Three scheduled routes serve the state: the daily Texas Eagle (Chicago–San Antonio); the tri-weekly Sunset Limited (New Orleans–Los Angeles), with stops in Texas; and the daily Heartland Flyer (Fort Worth–Oklahoma City). Century exhibited many facets of a frontier territory are also a popular pop culture destructive hurricanes in history... From 15 to 19 and 20 years or more image of the Appalachian Mountains–Ouachita Mountains zone Pennsylvanian. Fills vacancies by appointment [ 180 ], as they agreed to join United! Select judges at all levels of the United States of America on March 4 1861. Have made the three largest European ancestry groups, such as Houston [ 113 ] in 114th... 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