Consequently, Hilton Head Island lapsed into obscurity, remaining isolated for over 80 years. Today, they own less than 1,000, Irv informed us. Elliott, with the help of his neighbor, Will Seabrook, pioneered a new type of fertilizer for the cotton, resulting in record crops and wide acclaim for the Sea Island cotton. To fully appreciate the places you explore, you should have a better understanding of its history, food, religion, folklore, arts and crafts — and of course the weird and wonderful customs and subcultures found around the world. Armed with vision, energy, modern air conditioning and investment dollars, he created a master plan for a resort community. . Stunning Resorts. Describes Hilton Head Island’s involvement in the Civil War: its invasion by the Union Army, and the bustling life during the War, with Union encampments and Mitchelville, the first town established for newly-freed slaves. The blacks on Hilton Head Island were the very first former slaves to earn wages and actually get paid for their labor. 9 Insider Tips on How To Do a Golf Trip on Hilton Head Island, Free Download: Beginner's Guide to Golf on Hilton Head Island, Splurge on Hilton Head Island’s Most Storied Courses, Hilton Head’s Most Special and Secret Spots. It was a 45-hour journey — and sometimes the winds weren’t favorable, so they couldn’t make it Savannah, and the perishable goods would be lost. John Barnwell became Hilton Head Island’s first English settler in 1717 after receiving a grant of 1,000 acres in what is now Hilton Head Plantation. The Civil War and the subsequent abolition of slavery altered the prosperous and patrician lifestyle of the plantation owners forever. It is the oldest structure still standing on the island, and more Revolutionary War soldiers are buried in this coastal cemetery than anywhere else on the coast other than Charleston. Whatever was left was given to Simmons, who would sail off to Savannah, Georgia once a week to sell the goods. Within two days of the Union victory on Hilton Head, Sea Island blacks began descending on the outpost. During this period, the Island maintained a small population of mostly the descendants of former slaves. Hilton Head Island’s natural beauty, spectacular seascapes, exceptional ecology and South Carolina historical sites now beckon a new generation of explorers. After the Civil War ended, Union soldiers auctioned off the island, according to Irv. The Gullah Heritage Corridor stretches from St. Augustine, Florida up to Wilmington, North Carolina, and Hilton Head Island played a key role in the community. Slaves - 100 slaves per Federal census of 1800. Siem Reap Day Trip: Phnom Kulen and Kbal Spean, descendants of the slaves who worked on the rice plantations in South Carolina and Georgia, the very first former slaves to earn wages and actually get paid for their labor. The antebellum Zion Chapel of Ease Cemetery and Baynard Mausoleum, situated among ancient moss draped oaks and facing the waters of Broad Creek, is the burial place of several of Hilton Head Island’s original colonial families. And indeed, there are: Buildings of this era were made of tabby, which consists of lime, sand and oyster shells. Most noteworthy, the Gullah Celebration is scheduled throughout Hilton Head and Bluffton each February for Black History Month. French, Austa M., Slavery in South Carolina and the Ex-slaves; or, The Port Royal Mission. ——— ©2020 The Island Packet (Hilton Head, S.C.) Visit The Island Packet (Hilton Head, S.C.) at www.islandpacket.com. Location – Jarvis Creek (part of the Calibogue Sound), Hilton Head Island, St Helena Parish, Beaufort County Original plantation lands were located off US 278 in the vicinity of Honey Horn Plantation Road. You could suck that for two days! “It’s so spirits can take the waters back to West Africa.”. ©2020 Hilton Head Island-Bluffton Chamber of Commerce & Visitor and Convention Bureau. Its original inhabitants were known for fishing and shrimping. After the war, as the freed slaves on the island attempted to grow Sea Island cotton, the boll weevil proved to be even more devastating. After the war, as the freed slaves on the island attempted to grow Sea Island cotton, the boll weevil proved to be even more devastating. “You could buy all-day jawbreakers there. “They used to bring in Motown singers, from 1957 to ’70,” Irv reminisced. Keep in mind that this was all near the beginning of the Civil War. “Many people realized they could move anywhere else,” Irv said. Popularly called sea pines, the trees produced lumber for a variety of uses. We’d save the wrapper, suck on it all day, then put it on our windowsill. But travel is so much more than just ticking sites off your itinerary. Gullah tends to be used more often to describe those living in South Carolina, and Geechee for those in Georgia. Tip: We found a $2 off coupon in one of the free publications, Island Events. A Mitchelville family poses with a Union soldier. Enjoy easy days relaxing in the sun, sand and surf on some of the best beaches in the country. Request a free copy of the Hilton Head Island Vacation Planner and learn about all the attractions, activities, unique history and places to stay on Hilton Head Island. The word is synonymous with Gullah. The Port Royal Experiment involved paying freed slaves for the first time — right near the start of the Civil War. Mr. Campbell was an excellent tour guide and took the time to connect with our group personally. They survived modestly on small farms and as hunters and fisherman. And there are strict tree laws. In less than five hours, the Union fleet captured both Fort Beauregard on St. Philips Island and Fort Walker on Hilton Head Island. Their Gullah culture and language survive today as a living legacy of their strength and perseverance. In the late 1940’s, the Island experienced a sort of re-birth when a group of timbermen recognized great potential in the Island’s tall, straight pines. Former slaves from Hilton Head and the surrounding plantations made their way to the encampment where many found employment. There weren’t proper doctors on Hilton Head, and this father and son handled medical cases — at least the ones the midwives didn’t attend to. Originally from Pinckney Island, he moved to Hilton Head and was listed as a resident of the town of Historic Mitchelville, the first self-governed town run by freed slaves where Matthew went on to marry Teena Middleton and through a lot of hard work was able to raise enough money to eventually buy 27 acres of Stoney/Squire Pope land for $225. Keep in mind that this was all near the beginning of the Civil War. In 1862, Mitchelville was established near current Beach City Road and was the nation's first Freedmen's village, self-governing … We use cookies to personalize content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyze our traffic. Due to the land’s low elevation and hot summers, the wealthy landowners spent little time on the Island, opting to locate their beautiful townhouses in less tropical environments on the mainland. Top Rated Hilton Head Island Hotels & Resorts, How To Plan a Family Vacation That Pleases Everyone, Find Luxury Accommodations in Hilton Head Island, How to Plan a Family Vacation That Pleases Everyone, How To Inject Lowcountry Style Into Your Home, Five Fun Facts About Hilton Head Island Wildlife. Basic Information. The Federal government seized the property. It didn’t take Union troops long to gain control of the island, according to Irv. It details the steps taken by Hilton to aid in the prevention of modern slavery and human trafficking in any part of its business and supply chains during the Financial Year 2016. In 1860, fourteen prominent families and their slaves lived on Hilton Head and most spent their time off the island. When the Union Army occupied South Carolina’s Sea Islands, including Hilton Head, on November 7, 1861, it freed about 10,000 slaves. Perfect for independent travelers, you create a sightseeing itinerary that suits your personal interests. Irv drove us past the ruins of part of a plantation owner’s home — that of William Pope, known as “Squire” because he had so many properties. Hilton is publishing this statement in compliance with the UK Modern Slavery Act 2015. 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